The Digital Euro and Euro Stablecoins: A Brief Overview

Philipp Sandner
3 min readNov 2, 2023


In a rapidly evolving financial landscape, it is important to explore the concept of the digital euro proposed by the ECB (central bank digital currency, CBDC) and its potential impact — and stablecoins. It is a hot topic that could reshape the future of payments in the euro area, but we must ask ourselves if it’s really necessary. — Author: Philipp Sandner

The Digital Euro: What Is It?

The digital euro, often touted as “digital cash,” is a concept for a CBDC being explored by the European Central Bank (ECB). It would provide a new means of digital transactions issued and maintained by the ECB, giving users direct access to central bank money. This idea aims to modernize the payment system and reduce the dominance of private sector entities like PayPal, Visa, and Mastercard.

But here’s the question: Do we really need it, especially when we already have efficient digital payment methods like credit cards and mobile wallets? As of now, it’s not easy to envision how the ECB’s digital euro would significantly improve upon these existing solutions.

Euro Stablecoins: The Other Side of the Coin

On the flip side, we will have euro-denominated stablecoins. While the US dollar stablecoins have seen widespread adoption, the euro stablecoin market share remains minuscule. Euro stablecoins, however, could be a game-changer, especially for cross-border transactions.

Imagine having access to a stable digital euro that can effortlessly cross borders, similar to the US dollar stablecoins we’ve seen in action. This could revolutionize industries by enabling cost-effective automated payments between machines and corporations.

A Global Perspective

What’s even more interesting is the global perspective. The use of stablecoins, regardless of currency, is gaining momentum worldwide. For instance, in Lebanon, the application of US dollar-based stablecoins has demonstrated its usability in a country where the traditional banking system is facing challenges.

As major currencies worldwide upgrade their payment infrastructures, Europe cannot afford to lag behind. Whether it’s the ECB’s digital euro as CBDC or stablecoins, it needs to be analyzed how these developments will affect us on a global scale.

Privacy, Civil Rights, and Banking System Stability

While the digital euro and euro stablecoins hold potential, preserving privacy, upholding civil rights, and ensuring the stability of our banking system are paramount.

CBDCs could raise questions about privacy. It’s vital that any digital currency respects user privacy, similar to cash transactions. We also need to guarantee that civil rights are safeguarded and that CBDCs do not conflict with individual freedoms.

Furthermore, the impact on the existing banking system needs to be analyzed. The introduction of a digital euro (or other CBDCs) could lead to significant changes in the way banks operate, and this needs careful consideration.

The Path Forward

In conclusion, the digital euro by the ECB and euro stablecoins have the potential to bring exciting changes to the financial world. However, many questions remain unanswered. We need more research and analysis to understand the implications fully.

As we move forward, it’s essential for European societies, policymakers, and associations to scrutinize these digital currency developments and ensure they align with our values, protect our rights, and contribute positively to the financial ecosystem.



Philipp Sandner

Professor | Lecturer | Author | Investor | Frankfurt School Blockchain Center