List of European Blockchain Experts: Second Edition Published with 400+ Experts

“List of European Blockchain Experts” publicly available in second version

An excerpt of the “List of European Blockchain Experts” is shown in Table 1. The full list can be accessed here as Google List (link sharing is switched on), including the 416 experts.

Table 1: Excerpt of “List of European Blockchain Experts” (N=417)

Call for participation: the survey to the list of experts is still open

Join the “List of European Blockchain Experts”. You can find the survey here if you are interested in becoming part of this list. The survey takes about 5–10 minutes and aims to identify key players and initiatives in the European blockchain environment. With this database we are mapping the European blockchain ecosystem in order to provide better support in innovation for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in Europe. The outcome of this survey — including a list of experts — is published online (e.g. article on Medium).

Overview of the extended database

Table 2 shows the distribution of organizations in the “List of European Blockchain Experts”. We asked survey participants to categorize the organization they work for. 239 organizations are companies or corporate initiatives and 232 are startups. 160 of the participants are working in academic research. These numbers clearly show that a large share of experts work in start-ups. Furthermore a significant share is in the area of academic research. One possible reason is that blockchain still is in the early stage of development.

Table 2: Distribution of organizations in the “List of European Blockchain Experts” (multiple responses possible; some responses excluded)

Blockchain Specific Budget

Table 3: Blockchain-specific budget of organizations in Europe (N=417)

Familiarity with technology

Table 4: Familiarity with blockchain technologies (multiple responses possible; some responses excluded)

Evaluation criteria to qualify as expert

The following section explain how the evaluation criteria are used to determine blockchain expertise. The ranking is done by two main categories — formal quality and content quality — each having five levels (that is, one through five) with five being the best. Experts qualify to be on the list if they show both, content quality (i.e. grade C3 or higher) and formal quality (i.e., grade F3 or higher).

Evaluation of the content quality

The content quality is determined by different factors such as the number of technologies that the participant is familiar with or has development experience with, the amount of time that participants have experience with the technologies and the number of previous blockchain and DLT projects. Additionally the number of jurisdictions that the participant is familiar with, the quality of the references that are given by the participants and the current position title of the participant are considered during the evaluation.

  • Score C5: 63 participants
  • Score C4: 192 participants
  • Score C3: 177 participants

Evaluation of the formal quality

The main factors for the evaluation of the formal quality is the amount of language mistakes that were made by the participants when filling out the survey. The main source of mistakes of participants’ submission are spelling mistakes, degree of understandability, grammar mistakes, and capitalization errors. The reasoning behind making formal quality an important dimension to qualify for applicants to be on the list is the following: If participants made so many mistakes during the survey that we had difficulties understanding what they mean or if an extraordinary number of mistakes were in the reponses, this typically is an indication of quality. Also, based on funding of the Blockpool project we did not have sufficient funds to correct all errors made by the participants.

  • Score F5: 351 participants
  • Score F4: 79 participants
  • Score F3: 19 participants

Blockpool: a project to support adoption of blockchain technologies among SMEs

This survey is an initiative of Blockpool, a project funded under the EU-program Horizon 2020 and coordinated by the Frankfurt School Blockchain Center aiming at fostering blockchain adoption in the EU. Cooperating partners of the Blockpool project are the Frankfurt School Blockchain Center, the University of Nicosia, the European Crowdfunding Network, the Fraunhofer Center for International Management and Knowledge Economy IMW, the European Regional Framework for Cooperation, Insomnia Consulting, and N-Able.


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  • Blockchain knowledge: We wrote a Medium article on how to acquire the necessary blockchain knowledge within a workload of 10 working days.
  • Our two blockchain books: We have edited two books on how blockchain will change our society (Amazon link) in general and the everything related to finance (Amazon link) in particular. Both books are available in print and for Kindle — currently in German and soon in English. The authors have been more than 20 well-known blockchain experts in startups, corporations and the government from Germany, Austria, Switzerland and Liechtenstein — all contributing their expertise to these two books.
Our two books: the first one on blockchain and the society and the second one on blockchain and finance


Prof. Dr. Philipp Sandner has founded the Frankfurt School Blockchain Center (FSBC). From 2018 to 2021, he was ranked among the “top 30” economists by the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (FAZ), a major newspaper in Germany. He has been a member of the FinTech Council and the Digital Finance Forum of the Federal Ministry of Finance in Germany. He is also on the Board of Directors of FiveT Fintech Fund, 21e6 Capital and Blockchain Founders Group — companies active in venture capital financing for blockchain startups and crypto asset investment management. The expertise of Prof. Sandner includes crypto assets such as Bitcoin and Ethereum, decentralized finance (DeFi), the digital euro, tokenization of assets, and digital identity. You can contact him via mail ( via LinkedIn or follow him on Twitter (@philippsandner).



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Philipp Sandner

Philipp Sandner


Professor | Lecturer | Author | Investor | Frankfurt School Blockchain Center